COVID-19 Vaccine Information for Agriculture
Still learning about the vaccine or want to know where you can sign up? Here’s some important information to know:
How do vaccinations help stop the COVID-19 pandemic?
The choice to get vaccinated against COVID-19 is voluntary and not a mandate. But health care and public health officials have stressed that widespread vaccination will be essential to curbing the spread of virus, preventing further deaths and hospitalizations and protecting you and your family, especially as the more-contagious Delta variant becomes the predominant strain in the U.S.
Getting vaccinated protects you by significantly reducing the likelihood that you will become infected with COVID-19 and reducing even more the chance that you will have a severe case that results in significant complications or death. It protects those around you by reducing the chance you will spread the virus. The more people who are vaccinated the less opportunity the virus has to spread.
Who is eligible for the vaccine?
All Pennsylvanians age 12 and older are now eligible for the vaccine and vaccine appointments (including many walk-in options) are widely available across the state.
Where can I get vaccinated?
Vaccinations are available from numerous community providers, including pharmacies, urgent care centers and hospitals, doctor’s offices, and others.
Click here to use the Centers for Disease Control’s vaccine finder tool below to find vaccine appointments. Those without internet access can call the Pennsylvania Health Hotline at 1.877.PA.HEALTH (1.877.724.3258).
What vaccines are available?
One vaccine, Pfizer-BioNTech, has been fully approved by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration. The other two, Moderna and Johnson & Johnson, have been approved for Emergency Use Authorization, which allows medical products that have not yet received full FDA approval to be used in response to a public health emergency after rigorous testing to ensure safety and effectiveness.
The Pfizer-BioNTech and Moderna vaccines are approved for people age 12 and older and 18 and older respectively and are delivered in two doses spaced several weeks to a month apart. Administration of the Johnson & Johnson vaccine is approved for those age 18 and older and is delivered in a single dose.
Are the vaccines safe?
In order to apply for and receive such full FDA approval or emergency use authorization, vaccine manufacturers must demonstrate that they have studied and collected the required amount of data on the safety of the vaccine, a requirement that all three vaccines have met.
As with other vaccines, people who get the COVID-19 vaccine may experience some side effects as a result of their bodies building protection. The most common are sore arm, fatigue, headache, chills and fever and should go away in a few days.
Are the vaccines effective?
All three vaccines are considered effective at significantly reducing COVID-19 infections and reducing the likelihood of serious cases.
Pfizer-BioNTech and Moderna have been found in clinical trials to have efficacy rates of 95 percent and 94.5 percent respectively when delivered in two doses. Efficacy rate refers to the percentage by which the disease is reduced in a vaccinated population versus an unvaccinated population in a clinical trial. So a 95 percent efficacy rate means that there were 95 percent fewer new cases of COVID-19 in the vaccinated group compared with the unvaccinated group.
The Johnson & Johnson vaccine was tested using a different type of trial and under different circumstances making it difficult to compare apples-to-apples to the other two. It was found to be 66 percent effective at preventing moderate to severe cases of COVID-19 after one month but had 100 percent efficacy against hospitalizations and death.
How were the vaccines available
While the vaccines made it through their final phase of trials in record time, the effort benefited from a concentrated, global focus on quickly developing the vaccine accompanied by major public and private investments. In addition, scientific advancements enabled researchers to identify the strain of the virus early in the pandemic and the new messenger RNA technology that the Pfizer-BioNTech and Moderna vaccines rely on had been in development for years as researchers sought to combat other types of coronaviruses.
Do I still need to wear a mask and follow social distancing guidelines after getting vaccinated?
Due to the arrival of the more contagious Delta variant, the Centers for Disease Control is recommending that both vaccinated and unvaccinated individuals continue to wear masks indoors in areas where there is high or substantial spread of COVID-19.